Iqbal RF Elyazar

Deputy Head Unit and Biostatistician


  • DPhil. Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, United Kingdom.
  • MPH. Department of Health Informatics, Faculty of Public Health. University of Indonesia. Indonesia
  • BSc. Department of Statistics, Faculty of Mathematic and Natural Science, University of Bogor Agricultural, Indonesia

About: Iqbal earned a BSc in Statistics, MPH in Health Informatics, and DPhil in Malaria Disease Mapping. He has focused on biostatistics, disease surveillance, spatial epidemiology and malaria elimination strategies for 17 years. He received a Wellcome Trust Fellowship of Public Health and Tropical Medicine in 2012. He aims to develop a quantitative framework for human mobility and assess the feasibility of eliminating malaria in Indonesia. The work will prioritize three areas: using mobile phone data to explore the patterns of human movement across the archipelago; determining the likely sources, risks and number of imported malaria cases; and mapping the operational feasibility of and constraints on malaria elimination. This research will be essential for comprehensively improving the national evidence-based malaria control strategies to reach the pre-elimination stage by 2020 and to be free of malaria in 2030.


  • Biostatistics
  • Spatial Epidemiology
  • Infectious Disease Elimination Strategies


  • 2013. Scholarship Award. Leadership Course: Science of Eradication. Institute for Global Health, Barcelona, Swiss Tropical Public Health Institute and Harvard School of Public Health. Barcelona, Spain. 5 – 13 May 2013.
  • 2010. Travel Award. International Symposium on Geospatial Health, Melbourne, Australia. 13-14 August 2010.
  • 2009. Travel Award. The 58th American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene Meeting, Washington DC, USA. 18-22 November 2009.
  • 2009. DPhil Scholarship Award. University of Oxford – Li Ka Shing Foundation Global Health Program.


  1. Genotypes and phenotypes of G6PD deficiency among Indonesian females across diagnostic thresholds of G6PD activity guiding safe primaquine therapy of latent malaria.
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2021 Jul 16;15(7):e0009610. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0009610. eCollection 2021 Jul.
  2. Clinical characteristics and mortality associated with COVID-19 in Jakarta, Indonesia: A hospital-based retrospective cohort study.
    Lancet Reg Health West Pac. 2021 Apr;9:100108. doi: 10.1016/j.lanwpc.2021.100108. Epub 2021 Mar 2.
  3. Defining malaria risks among forest workers in Aceh, Indonesia: a formative assessment.
    Malar J. 2020 Nov 30;19(1):441. doi: 10.1186/s12936-020-03511-2.
  4. Five insights from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019.
    Lancet. 2020 Oct 17;396(10258):1135-1159. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(20)31404-5.
  5. Global burden of 369 diseases and injuries in 204 countries and territories, 1990-2019: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019.
    Lancet. 2020 Oct 17;396(10258):1204-1222. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30925-9.
  6. Global burden of 87 risk factors in 204 countries and territories, 1990-2019: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019.
    Lancet. 2020 Oct 17;396(10258):1223-1249. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30752-2.
  7. Measuring universal health coverage based on an index of effective coverage of health services in 204 countries and territories, 1990-2019: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019.
    Lancet. 2020 Oct 17;396(10258):1250-1284. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30750-9. Epub 2020 Aug 27.
  8. Mapping geographical inequalities in oral rehydration therapy coverage in low-income and middle-income countries, 2000-17.
    Lancet Glob Health. 2020 Aug;8(8):e1038-e1060. doi: 10.1016/S2214-109X(20)30230-8.
  9. Mapping local patterns of childhood overweight and wasting in low- and middle-income countries between 2000 and 2017.
    Nat Med. 2020 May;26(5):750-759. doi: 10.1038/s41591-020-0807-6. Epub 2020 Apr 20.
  10. Estimating the burden of dengue and the impact of release of wMel Wolbachia-infected mosquitoes in Indonesia: a modelling study.
    BMC Med. 2019 Sep 9;17(1):172. doi: 10.1186/s12916-019-1396-4.
  11. On the road to universal health care in Indonesia, 1990-2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016.
    Lancet. 2018 Aug 18;392(10147):581-591. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(18)30595-6. Epub 2018 Jun 28.
  12. Negligible Impact of Mass Screening and Treatment on Mesoendemic Malaria Transmission at West Timor in Eastern Indonesia: A Cluster-Randomized Trial.
    Clin Infect Dis. 2018 Oct 15;67(9):1364-1372. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciy231.
  13. Scrub typhus point-of-care testing: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2018 Mar 26;12(3):e0006330. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0006330. eCollection 2018 Mar.
  14. Estimating Geographical Variation in the Risk of Zoonotic Plasmodium knowlesi Infection in Countries Eliminating Malaria.
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2016 Aug 5;10(8):e0004915. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0004915. eCollection 2016 Aug.
  15. Improving Large Area Population Mapping Using Geotweet Densities.
    Trans GIS. 2017 Apr;21(2):317-331. doi: 10.1111/tgis.12214. Epub 2016 Jun 30.
  16. Predicting the geographical distributions of the macaque hosts and mosquito vectors of Plasmodium knowlesi malaria in forested and non-forested areas.
    Parasit Vectors. 2016 Apr 28;9:242. doi: 10.1186/s13071-016-1527-0.
  17. Assessment of Point-of-Care Diagnostics for G6PD Deficiency in Malaria Endemic Rural Eastern Indonesia.
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2016 Feb 19;10(2):e0004457. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0004457. eCollection 2016 Feb.
  18. Randomized trial of primaquine hypnozoitocidal efficacy when administered with artemisinin-combined blood schizontocides for radical cure of Plasmodium vivax in Indonesia.
    BMC Med. 2015 Dec 11;13(1):294. doi: 10.1186/s12916-015-0535-9.
  19. The global compendium of Aedes aegypti and Ae. albopictus occurrence.
    Sci Data. 2015 Jul 7;2:150035. doi: 10.1038/sdata.2015.35. eCollection 2015.
  20. The global distribution of the arbovirus vectors Aedes aegypti and Ae. albopictus.
    Elife. 2015 Jun 30;4:e08347. doi: 10.7554/eLife.08347.
  21. A comprehensive assessment of the malaria microscopy system of Aceh, Indonesia, in preparation for malaria elimination.
    Malar J. 2015 Jun 11;14(1):240. doi: 10.1186/s12936-015-0746-8.
  22. G6PD Deficiency at Sumba in Eastern Indonesia Is Prevalent, Diverse and Severe: Implications for Primaquine Therapy against Relapsing Vivax Malaria.
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2015 Mar 6;9(3):e0003602. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0003602. eCollection 2015 Mar.
  23. Impact of a spatial repellent on malaria incidence in two villages in Sumba, Indonesia.
    Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2014 Dec;91(6):1079-87. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.13-0735. Epub 2014 Oct 13.
  24. Noninferiority of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency diagnosis by a point-of-care rapid test vs the laboratory fluorescent spot test demonstrated by copper inhibition in normal human red blood cells.
    Transl Res. 2014 Sep 28. pii: S1931-5244(14)00336-3. doi: 10.1016/j.trsl.2014.09.009.
  25. Defining the geographical range of the Plasmodium knowlesi reservoir.
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2014 Mar 27;8(3):e2780. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0002780. eCollection 2014 Mar.
  26. Purnomo Projodipuro (April 11, 1934-May 10, 2013)
    Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2013 Aug;89(2):202-4. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.13-0284.
  27. The distribution and bionomics of anopheles malaria vector mosquitoes in Indonesia.
    Adv Parasitol. 2013;83:173-266. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-407705-8.00003-3.
  28. Randomized, open-label trial of primaquine against vivax malaria relapse in Indonesia.
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2013 Mar;57(3):1128-35. doi: 10.1128/AAC.01879-12.
  29. The effects of urbanization on global Plasmodium vivax malaria transmission
    Malar J. 2012 Dec 5;11:403.
  30. A long neglected world malaria map: Plasmodium vivax endemicity in 2010
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2012;6(9):e1814
  31. Serious and fatal illness associated with falciparum and vivax malaria among patients admitted to hospital at West Sumba in eastern Indonesia.
    Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2012 Jul;87(1):41-9. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.2012.11-0577.
  32. Plasmodium vivax endemicity in Indonesia in 2010
    PLoS One. 2012;7(5):e37325
  33. A new world malaria map: Plasmodium falciparum endemicity in 2010.
    Malar J. 2011 Dec 20;10:378
  34. Plasmodium falciparum malaria endemicity in Indonesia in 2010.
    PLoS One. 2011;6(6):e21315.
  35. The dominant Anopheles vectors of human malaria in the Asia-Pacific region: occurrence data, distribution maps and bionomic précis.
    Parasit Vectors. 2011 May 25;4:89.
  36. Malaria distribution, prevalence, drug resistance and control in Indonesia.
    Adv Parasitol. 2011;74:41-175.
  37. The international limits and population at risk of Plasmodium vivax transmission in 2009
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2010 Aug 3;4(8):e774
  38. Active case detection, treatment of falciparum malaria with combined chloroquine and sulphadoxine/pyrimethamine and vivax malaria with chloroquine and molecular markers of anti-malarial resistance in the Republic of Vanuatu
    Malar J. 2010 Apr 6;9:89. doi: 10.1186/1475-2875-9-89.
  39. Seasonal prevalence of malaria in West Sumba district, Indonesia.
    Malar J. 2009 Jan 9;8:8. doi: 10.1186/1475-2875-8-8.
  40. Combined chloroquine, sulfadoxine/pyrimethamine and primaquine against Plasmodium falciparum in Central Java, Indonesia.
    Malar J. 2006 Nov 14;5:108.
  41. Pola Penyakit Transmigran Jawa dan Transmigran Lokal di Daerah Hiperendemis Malaria Armopa SP2, Kecamatan Bonggo, Kabupaten Jayapura, Papua Tahun 1996-1999
    Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan, 30 (4) 2002
  42. Primary infection by Plasmodium falciparum or P. vivax in a cohort of Javanese migrants to Indonesian Papua
    Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 2003 Sep;97(6):565-74.
  43. Onset of clinical immunity to Plasmodium falciparum among Javanese migrants to Indonesian Papua
    Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 2003 Sep;97(6):557-64.
  44. Malaria in a Cohort of Javanese Migrants to Indonesian Papua
    Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 2003 Sep;97(6):543-56.
  45. Performance of the OptiMAL assay for detection and identification of malaria infections in asymptomatic residents of Irian Jaya, Indonesia.
    Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2000 Sep-Oct;63(3-4):139-45.